Nepal is a beautiful and landlocked country where tremendous geographical diversity. It has interesting combination of geography and water resources. It is one of the richest countries in the world in conditions of the uniqueness of geographical position and altitudinal variation.
The altitude of the country elevation is less than 100 meters above sea level in the Terai, to the highest point on earth, the summit of Mt. Everest, at 8,848 meters. It is one garland of different types of flower. Nepal is located in 1, 47,181 km2 (56,837 sq. meters) area. Nepal has divided in three different regions VIZ Terai Region, Hilly Region, and Himalayan Region. Where, 15% area is covered by Himalayan range from the total area. Likewise, 17% area is covered by Terai area from the total area of Nepal and lastly, 68% area is covered by hilly region. Nepal is 1127 km far from sea or ocean. So it is landlocked, small and beautiful country.
We can guess from the above information about the geographical situation and condition of Nepal. It rises from 59 meters to 8,848 meters highest part of the world. The Terai region also called as Madhesh region. It begins at the Indian border and includes southern part of the flat, completely farmed genetic plain called the outer Terai. The outer Terai is culturally more similar with Bihar and Uttar Pradesh of India (Bharat). The Terai ends at the base of the first range of foothills thats why its called as Terai. This range has a densely forested skirt of Course alluvium called the Bhabhar. Terai is wet or marshy ground. Nepal’s rulers used this for defensive frontiers are called the Char Kose jhadi. The Terai range or belt ends the hills begin at a higher range of lower hill of base hill called the Mahabharat Range.
The hilly region is situated south of the mountain region. In the geography, the hilly region mostly between 700 meters to 3000 meters (2000 and 10,000 ft.) altitude. The region begins at the Mahabharat Range. Hilly region’s culture, language is totally different from Terai region. In hillside many populate Hindu Paharis and around 45 % people living here total population of the country. More and more urbanized Kathmandu and Pokhara valleys fall under the hill region. At Kathmandu valley Newars are originally indigenous but Pokhara and other town alongside urbanized Paharis. The hill region ends where ridges begin extensively rising out of the temperate climate Jon into subalpine climate above 3000 meters (10000 ft.).
In the geography of Nepal, the mountain region begins substantially rising above 3000 meters into the subalpine and alpine Zone which is primarily used for seasonal feed. A few tens kilometers further north the highest Himalaya short rise along the main central thrust fault zone above the snowline at the 5000 to 5,500 meters. Unlike the Mahabharata as the Himalaya are not constant across Nepal. Only 8 % populations of country are living there. Instead there are some 20 subranges including the Kanchenjunga mountain range along the Sikkim border. Mahalangur himal, Mt. Everest, Langtang north of Kathmandu Annapurna and Manaslu North of the Pokhara the Dhaulagiri is in west with Kanjiroba north of Jumla and finally Gurans Himal in the far west.
Nepal has fantastic and interesting Bio diversity due to the unique nature of geographical location, natural beauty and so on. Nepal is only one country in the world which could provide such type of beauty and enjoyment. Like, travelling, rafting, trekking, etc.